Big Data Architecture and its patterns

Big Data Analytics Architecture, Big Data Architecture Diagram: Big data architecture  is a manner of logical , physical layout structure of how the big data will be stored, accessed and managed within a big data or in the IT environment providing big data management through data infrastructures and its relevant solutions. It is created by big data designers or the architects before physically implementing up the concerned big data solution. Creating up the  big data architecture generally requires understanding the business or the organizations and their big data needs by visualizing through various big data concepts . It also comprises of  interconnecting and organizing up existing resources to serve big data needs. Typically talking , big data architecture consists of following  different layers:


Big data sources:              The entire location that is producing up the  big data.

Messaging and storage:   The facility providing  where big data is actually going to be stored.

Big Data analysis:              Tools  providing analysis over big data.

Big Data consumption:      Users or services utilizing up the data analyzed.

All these key points of terms are later explained in the article in detail.


Big Data Architecture Needs

As is the case with many of the  big data and  various technologically related terms, it’s quite  worth clarifying the meaning of big data architecture covering up several big data technologies.  It would act like the blueprints for a house or building, a big data architecture basically is a conceptual or graphical model of how big data and other information assets will be captured and stored, managed and are going to be  made accessible to various user groups and applications. Typically, big data architectures sketches up  the hardware and software components which are necessary to a full big data solution and Big data requirements. Big data architecture documents may also describe protocols for data sharing and many application integrations and information security.

It may be  sounding quite odd or tad dull, it is worth remembering that no one would think of building  a house without blueprints. As such, no one should plan to effectively leverage or enlarge up the big data without a big data architecture. And the more you are going to invest in a house (or big data solutions existing for that matter), the more you need a big data architecture to make sure you have got the ROI you were desiring for. In other words, big data architectures helps up in ensuring data flows as planned so the right users can access it using the right tools.

In short, we can say that big data architecture plays an important role in providing up the user’s facility of calculating the precise data to be used for their needs .The calculation involves providing up with how big data is to be stored. Big data provides up with storage facilities of data sources i.e Big Data database . Big Data architecture provides up with several analysis on consumption and utilization of data resources too, which provides it an eventually great platform for users requirements and tasks  on  Hadoop Projects.

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Big Data Reference Architecture

Through the various trending  Big Data News   most of the  Big Data projects use variations of a Big Data reference architecture.The Understanding of  the high-level view of this reference architecture provides a good background for understanding Big Data and how it compliments existing analytics, BI, databases and the  systems. There is no any fixed architecture of Big Data and  a single size fits up in all approach. Each component of any of its  architecture has at least several alternatives with their  own advantages and disadvantages for a particular workload. Companies often start with a subset of these  patterns in this architecture, and as  soon as they realize about value for gaining overview to key business outcomes they expand the width of use.

According to the theories of  Big Data University  following layers consolidates the big data architecture :

1 Identifying correct data sources:    It Basically includes sources of systems and providing categories based on nature and type.These inclusions sums up all the basics of Big Data architecture.

2 Strategies involving Ingesting data Sources:    It determines up the frequency of Data input which determines whether there is a need of changing  meaning of the data to be appended or the data to be replaced etc.

3 Storage of Big Data :  Storage of Database basically includes storage in a synchronous and asynchronous manner .These storage techniques provides several ways in  which we could store our data automatically or manually. it includes –


  •  formatting of data
  •  compression  involved
  •  the frequency of incoming data
  •  consumers consuming up the data sources

4 Data  processing:    Data processing basically involves following-

  • batch processing
  • Real-time processing
  • Hybrid processing

5 Data consumption:    data consumption basically involves –

  •  Export Data sets
  •  Visualizing and Reporting Of data sources
  •  exploring data
  •  Adhoc Quarrying
  •  using up cases dynamics
  •  Technology Myriad

Layers of Big Data Architecture

Talking in detail these architecture layers can eventually be described as per following. An integrated view of these points are: The overview or outline point of a big data strategy is to produce a system which moves data along with its path. In this post, the attempt  will be  to define the basic layers you will need to have in place in order to get any big data project off the ground. Although people have come up with different names for these layers, as we’re charting a whole new world where little is fed up initially , as per the big data notes  this could be  the simplest and most precise breakdown :


Data sources layer:

Big Data still exists as a topic of confusion  in everyone’s mind. What is the real meaning of this  ? What is new and what is the same old package contents sealed up in new packets ? In order to bring a little more meaning  to the concept I think these points of  big data tutorials  could support or  it might help to describe the 4 key layers of a big data system – i.e. the different stages the data itself has to pass through different phases of processes from raw statistic or raw elements  media channels and marketing list, email archives and any data gleaned from taking control or measuring aspects of your operations. One of the first steps or snippet of unstructured data (for example, posts on social media ) to view point of action-oriented activities.)


This is where the data is arriving  at your organization. It includes everything from your sales records, customer database and their feedback, social in setting up a data strategy is accessing what you have here, and keeping track of it against what you are required to answer the typical  questions you want help with. You might have everything you need already, or you might need to establish new sources.

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Data storage layer:


This is where your Big Data lives, once it is assimilated from your sources. As the volume of data generated and stored by companies has started to explode, sophisticated but accessible systems and tools have been developed – such as Apache Hadoop DFS (distributed file system), which is going to be  covered up  in this article – or Google File System, to help with this task. A computer with a higher memory  hard disk might be all that is needed for smaller data sets, but when you start to deal with storing (and analyzing) truly big data, a more sophisticated, distributed system is called for. As well as a system for storing data that your computer system will understand (the file system) you will need a system for organizing and categorizing it in a way that people will understand – the database. Hadoop has its own, known as HBase, but others including Amazon’s DynamoDB, MongoDB and Cassandra (used by Facebook), all based on the NoSQL architecture, are popular too. This is where you might find the Government taking an interest in your working– depending on the type of data you are storing, there may well be security and privacy regulations to follow.


Data processing/ analysis layer:


When you want to use the data you have stored to find out something useful, you will need to process and analyze it. A common method is by using a MapReduce tool (which is also explained in a bit more depth in the article on Hadoop). Essentially, it  is used for  selecting the elements of the data that you want to analyze, and putting it into a format from which insights can be percieved. If you are a wealthy organization which has invested in its own data analytics team, they will form a part of this layer, too. They will bring up the tools such as Apache PIG or HIVE to look through the data, and might use automated pattern recognition tools to determine trends, as well as drawing their conclusions from manual analysis.


Data output layer:


This is how the insights gleaned from the analysis is passed on to the people who can take action to gain an advantage  from them. Clear and concise communication (particularly if your decision-makers don’t have a background in statistics) is essential, and this output can take the form of reports, charts, figures and key recommendations. Ultimately, your Big Data system’s main task is to show, at this stage of the process, how measurable improvement in at least one KPI that can be achieved by taking action based on the analysis you have carried out build up using  hadoop use cases  of  hadoop framework. If you build up a system which works through all those stages to arrive at this destination, then that’s it ! You’re in Big Data. And hopefully, ready to start reaping the Big Data Architecture.



The Hadoop ecosystem, helpfully, is offering most of the tools needed to build and enforcing  these pipelines based on business rules—testing and deploying pipelines are getting easier with proper tooling support, while operating the same In a future world, we will be able to point Hadoop to a source, internal or external let it be a batch or streaming  and execute an “Implement Pipeline” button for it . The initial parameters will be guessed , and further will be required and adjusted as per  existing use case, be it of an interactive type or automated (or both) thus providing  Hadoop security and Hadoop configuration. 


The Future of Big Data Architecture

Talking about the future of big data is almost similar to  the point, because it’s very similar to  a “here and now” approach. Many market leaders are already using big data and big data analytics in ways that seem futuristic for those competitors who are still lying quite behind i.e referring to those  lagging competitors. These companies have defined their big data futures, but, as impressive as these programs sound, they originally only scratch the surface of what could be implemented and what is practically possible. As much as Major League Baseball does with big data, it’s safe to say we are in the first inning – and maybe just after the very first pitch of the first inning – of a very long game to come.

Out of the several FAQ’s asked the most promising questions about the future of big data are often questions about realizing the value of big data as earlier as possible. In that sense, it’s quite useful to talk about defining the future of big data at your company:

How to start capitalizing  big data? Who will use big data? Data scientists in an analytics centers of excellence? Function-specific business analysts? Big data ninjas, black belts or let it be  all of the above? What new business problems can big data solve? And what new markets could be  opened for it ? How big will data manage better and quicker performance managing  models?

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For all of these reasons, having a sense of the possible and a specialized content relative to the Internet of Things is important. And the possibilities will be outstanding, blurring the lines of industries and fundamentally changing the modes of interaction of  businesses  with their customers and among each other. In preparing for the future of big data, where should executives seeking tangible ROI tomorrow focus their thinking today? Astonishing future results start with disciplined and successive steps in the near and in the half way terms.

Focusing on strategies – today the most important question to ask is how can big data improvise  business performance; it may be the most important question in the coming scenario , too.

Operational activities – moving beyond pilot projects and past the “science project in the basement” stage is critical to reaching future scale consisting of  big data investments.

Integration and Ecosystems – holistic involving  big-picture views are necessary to be sewed up together the right big data storage  in best utilizing  fashion and establish a flexible and  easy base for the coming future, with the highest value data readily accessible to the correct users , and well-defined business rules and governance structures in place.

Rapid shifts in cultural fashion – data-driven business and analytics-enabled decision-making processes must become the basis or fundamental that may  seem unavoidable  in the next generation, but the firms who get there earlier will have a decisive  advantage.

Right People on the Bus – having the right skills and teams working together, with strong and purposeful leadership, are necessary now, and will continue to be responsive to pay off later.












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